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ترکیب (be going to (plans

 

نویسنده: American-English File

مترجم: رؤیا کریمی جنابی


(be going to (plans

I'm going to take a vacation next month.
I'm not going to study English.
Are you going to take a vacation, too?

 

 

    contraction Full form  
take a vacation next month.
study English tonight.

 
going to I'm
You're
He/ she/ it's
We're
They're

 
I am
You are
He/ she/ it is
We are
They are

 
(+)
take a vacation next month.
study English tonight.

 
going to I'm not
You aren't
He/ she/ it isn't
We aren't
They aren't

 
I am not
You are not
He/ she/ it is not
We are not
They are not

 
(-)

 

    (?)
take a vacation next month?
study English tonight?

 
going to Am I
Are you
Is he/ she/ it
Are we
Are they

 

 

 I'm not.
 you aren't.
 No, he/ she/ it isn't.
 we aren't.
 they aren't.

 
I am.
you are.
Yes, he/ she/ it is.
we are.
they are.

 

 

•    برای بیان برنامه‌های آینده از ترکیب be going to+ base form استفاده می‌کنیم.
•    اغلب عبارات مشخص کننده‌ی زمان آینده را با این ترکیب به کار می‌بریم. عباراتی نظیر:

Tomorrow, next week, next year, etc.

 ترکیب (be going to (prediction

•    از این ترکیب می‌توانیم برای پیش‌بینی استفاده کنیم (در این مورد حرف بزنیم که چه فکری می‌کنیم و یا حدس می‌زنیم که در آینده چه اتفاقی خواهد افتاد).

 

I think it's going to rain.
You're going to be very happy.
I'm sure they're going to win.

 

 

ترجمه شده از 1 American-English File Student Book

 

ترکیب be going to

1.    I'm going to work for an NGO.
      He's going to meet me at the airport.

2.    I'm sure our favorite tennis players are going to lose tomorrow.
       It's going to rain tonight.

 

 

he/ she/ it

you/ we/ they

I  
work for an NGO.  's going to  He
She
It

 
're going to You
We 
They

 
I'm going to (+)
work for an NGO.  's going to  He
She
It

 
aren't going to You
We 
They
I'm not going to (-)

 

  (?)
Yes, I am. / No, I’m not.
Yes, he is. / No, he isn’t.
Are you going to work for an NGO?
Is he going to work for an NGO?

 

1. برای بیان قصد انجام کاری در آینده از ترکیب be going to+ base form استفاده می‌کنیم.
2. برای پیش‌بینی هم از این ترکیب استفاده می‌کنیم، زمانی که می‌دانیم یا می‌توانیم ببینیم که چیزی قرار است اتفاق بیفتد:

It’s winter there, so it’s going to be cold.
Look at that car! It’s going to crash.

ترجمه شده از 2 American-English File Student Book
 

ترکیب be going to+ base form

Future plans and intentions

My sister’s going to adopt a child.
Are you going to buy a new car or a used one?
I’m not going to go to New York City tomorrow. The meeting is canceled.

 

Predictions

The Yankees are going to win. They’re playing really well.
Look at those black clouds. I think it’s going to rain.

 

•    هنگامی که از قبل تصمیم به انجام کاری گرفته‌ایم به جای will/ won’t از going to استفاده می‌کنیم:

NOT my sister will adopt a child.


•    از این ترکیب برای پیش‌بینی در مورد آینده هم استفاده می‌کنیم. خصوصاً زمانی که شواهدی هم برای پیش‌بینی خود دارید (مثلاً black clouds).

 

    ترجمه شده از 3 American-English File Student Book


نویسنده:

مترجم: رؤیا کریمی جنابی

امتیاز: 5 از 3 رای

تاریخ نشر: ۱۳۹۸/۸/۵ 10/27/2019 12:00:00 AM https://khazaelischool.com/articles/ترکیب-Be-going-to

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تهیه شده در: مدرسه زبان خزائلی

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